Heart disease is bad enough for adults, but it may be more devastating in children.
Children might suffer from a wide range of cardiac disorders. Congenital heart malformations, viral infections that impact the heart, and even heart disease acquired later in infancy as a result of diseases or genetic disorders are examples.
The good news is that, because of advancements in medication and technology, many children with heart disease can enjoy active, fulfilling lives. You may call a doctor at home service, and a professional and DHA-licensed doctor will reach your doorstep to diagnose your child and further start the treatment in time.
6 Types of Heart Disease in Children
Here are the 6 major types of heart disease in children that need urgent diagnosis and treatment for damage.
1. Congenital Heart Disease
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is a form of heart disease that occurs in children at birth and is mainly caused by congenital abnormalities in the heart. CHD affects around 1% of all newborns born each year. This lead to some troubles in the beginning and might lead to troubles in the long run;
- Aortic valve constriction, which inhibits blood flow, is an example of a heart valve problem.
- The left side of the heart is underdeveloped in hypoplastic left heart syndrome.
- Holes in the heart, most often in the walls between the chambers and in major blood arteries leaving the heart, include abnormalities in the ventricular septum, atrioventricular septal defects, and arteriosus ductus patent.
- Fallot tetralogy is a collection of four defects, including a hole in the ventricular septum, sometimes a displaced aorta, a narrowed passage in between the right ventricle and pulmonary artery, and a thickened right side of the heart.
Congenital cardiac abnormalities can have long-term health consequences for a kid. Surgery, catheter treatments, medicines, and, in extreme situations, heart transplants are frequently used to treat them. Some youngsters may require ongoing monitoring and therapy for the rest of their lives.
The accumulation of fat and cholesterol-filled plaques inside arteries is referred to as atherosclerosis. As the accumulation worsens, arteries harden and constrict, increasing the risk of blood clots and heart attacks. Atherosclerosis normally develops over a long period of time. It is rare for children or teens to be affected by it.
Obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and other health conditions, on the other hand, put youngsters at greater risk. Doctors recommend screening for high cholesterol and high blood pressure in children who are overweight or obese and have risk factors such as a family history of heart disease or diabetes. Treatment usually includes lifestyle adjustments such as increased activity and dietary changes.
An arrhythmia is a cardiac rhythm disorder. As a result, the heart may pump less effectively. Arrhythmias of several sorts can develop in children, including,, slow heart rate, long Q-T Syndrome, fast heart rate, and WPW Syndrome, i.e., Wolff-Parkinson-White.
Moreover, some symptoms and prominent signs of arrhythmias include weakness, fatigue, dizziness, fainting, and difficulty feeding.
4. Kawasaki Disease
Kawasaki illness is an uncommon condition that predominantly affects children and causes inflammation of blood vessels in the hands, feet, mouth, lips, and neck. It also causes a fever and lymph node enlargement. Researchers aren’t sure what’s causing it yet.
According to one source, the sickness is a leading cause of heart disease in up to one in every four youngsters. The majority are under the age of five.
Treatment is determined by the severity of the disease, although it frequently includes rapid administration of intravenous gamma globulin or aspirin (Bufferin). Corticosteroids can lessen the likelihood of future difficulties. Children with this illness may require lifelong follow-up checkups to monitor their heart function.
5. Heart Murmurs
A heart murmur is a “whooshing” sound produced by blood flowing through the chambers or valves of the heart or via blood arteries near the heart. It is frequently innocuous. It may also indicate an underlying cardiovascular disease at times.
CHDs, fever, or anemia can all induce heart murmurs. If a doctor detects an abnormal heart murmur in a kid, extra testing will be performed to ensure the heart is healthy. “Innocent” heart murmurs normally disappear on their own, but if the heart murmur is caused by a cardiac issue, it may necessitate extra therapy.
Whenever the thin sac or membrane that borders the heart (pericardium) develops inflamed or infected, this disease develops. The quantity of fluid between its two layers grows, reducing the heart’s capacity to pump blood properly.
Pericarditis can develop during CHD surgery, or bacterial infections, chest injuries, or connective tissue illnesses like lupus can cause it. Treatments are determined by the severity of the sickness, the age of the kid, and their general health.
The Final Takeaway
These are some of the severe and leading to serious results conditions that people normally neglect, but in a matter of time, they can emerge serious and lead to severe heart conditions. So, get a doctor on call service at your home today and get your child diagnosed before it is too late.
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